Are you a part of the wellness crowd? If yes, you should considering the healing power of hemp.
Today I will cover everything you need to know about CBD oil.
How about reading the label or knowing what is the difference between commercial and PCR hemp? Types of CBD oil and preferred extraction method?
Once you learn basics, you can compare and choose a top-notch product.
Why is it so important?
Because you should know what you are ingesting. Right? And it’s not an easy task.
Today the CBD booming market is flooded with CBD-based products, and some of them are NOT what they claim! There are products with questionable quality and blunt fakes. Don’t be naive and let anyone fool you!
Good enough reasons?
So, be cautious and crank up your knowledge.
Let’s separate all the noise and get down to CBD essentials.
1. What Is Hemp in CBD Oil?
What to explore first?
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is a chemical compound cannabinoid derived from cannabis plants–marijuana and hemp.
CBD was first extracted from hemp in 1940. Quality CBD oil comes from hemp flowers and terpenes.
For centuries this crop was known for its potential healing benefits. Please read my post, “What Is the Benefit of CBD Oil?”
Even though marijuana and hemp are cannabis-type plants, they have different phytochemical makeup and unique specific strains. Our focus is on hemp-derived CBD.
Types of Hemp
Sourcing and cultivation methods can make a tremendous difference in the quality of your CBD oil.
It is a no-brainer that high-quality CBD oil can only derive from high-quality hemp. It is phytocannabinoid-rich or PCR hemp. (1)
PCR hemp is specifically grown to produce beneficial cannabinoids and those fabulous terpenes. It includes not only CBD but other healing hemp compounds.
What another hemp is out there?
The industrial type of hemp which is bred because it’s seeds and fiber, on average are not rich in cannabinoids and terpenes. They also might contain harmful toxins.
→ TAKEAWAY: Your CBD oil should come only from PCR hemp.
2. Why Organic and Why American Grown Hemp?
Why Organic Hemp?
If the oil comes from low-quality hemp, you might have exposure to harmful chemicals and pesticides. And with hemp, the problem can skyrocket. Why?
Hemp, like other cannabis-type plants, is a fabulous bio-accumulator. It will absorb from soil heavy metals and dangerous contaminants. It’s like a sponge, and everything from the soil will end up in the plant. (2)
So, organic hemp is your choice, isn’t it?
What else matters?
USA-Grown or Foreign?
Your CBD oil should be only(!) from the American-grown hemp.
US producers have the highest standards of agricultural practices and production.
Opposite to this, the low-quality CBD oil comes predominately from China.
Even though the Asian hemp market is rising rapidly, they grow predominately industrial crop.
It shows a low amount of CBD and essential terpenes. It might also contain dangerous chemicals and pesticides.
Western Europe is the only exception among overseas producers. Like in the USA, they have a strict regulatory regime.
→ TAKEAWAY: Choose high-quality CBD oils from PCR organic American-grown hemp. Don’t make a compromise. Ditch cheap CBD products.
3. Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum vs Isolate CBD Oil
When you get your CBD oil bottle, you might see the following label facts: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolate.
What does it mean and what’s the difference?
Full-spectrum CBD oil has all possible cannabinoids. It might include THC—the psychoactive compound.
As you will see in the next section, when buying a full-spectrum CBD oil, please check the company lab report.
All of them work in concert with each other and have a synergy effect.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil is my preference because any unwanted cannabinoids are removed. They use the principle “Keep the best and leave the rest.”
In general, what is removed is THC. It does NOT affect the therapeutic power of all other compounds. Minus THC, broad-spectrum CBD oil contains:
- fatty acids
Would you like all that?
CBD Isolate is a pure 99% CBD contained oil.
If you have some known sensitivity for other cannabinoids, CBD isolate is your option.
→ TAKEAWAY: For my health, wellness, and beauty, my choice is a broad spectrum. I want the whole orchestra in my CBD oil and get the best out of all cannabinoids.
4. How To Read CBD Label
Do you always read labels?
If not, think twice!
According to the Brightfield Group and it’s 2019 U.S. CBD Market Report, around 40% of the CBD products today don’t contain the amount of CBD they claim.
If so, should you know how to read CBD label?
I was not lazy and copied the label below from one of the bottles from my nearby health food store:
Ingredients: Pressed Hemp (seed)oil, CBD-Rich Whole Hemp Extract, Natural Peppermint Flavor.
Source: Product is made from industrial hemp plants.
CBD oil type: Full Spectrum
Extraction method: CO2
Do you grasp it? Let’s tackle it line-by-line.
Now you know that full-spectrum CBD oil includes other cannabinoids and maybe THC.
Well, I didn’t find anywhere on a bottle or a box indication that it is THC-free or following the legal THC limit of 0.3%.
Also, do you care about the phrase that CBD is “one of over 85 cannabinoids that are identified in the hemp plant?”
You need to know how many and what kind of cannabinoids are IN YOUR BOTTLE!
Red flag? What do you think?
CO2 extraction method
It is good news since it is a preferable method of extraction. Cannabinoids and terpenes here are intact.
Why is CO2 is most desirable?
Carbon dioxide is safe, works as a natural solvent, and even approved by the FDA as an extraction method. It has no artificial ingredients, chemical preservatives or thinning agents. (3)
CBD oil is extracted under high pressure and low temperature.
As we have discussed, it is not bred to be rich in cannabinoids and terpenes.
It might mean a low content of CBD in the oil. Or if the product was refined, it possibly lost its beneficial effect during processing.
So, what is in the bottle?
We have some questions unanswered. What to do?
It’s time for due diligence!
→ TAKEAWAY: Read the CBD label and be sure your CBD oil is not from industrial but PCR hemp.
5. What Is CBD Certificate of Analysis?
Want to double-check the quality of your CBD oil?
Request the company’s Certificate of Analysis or COA. (4)
It is a third-party independent test report about the contents of the product—cannabinoids and other compounds. Any reputable manufacturer who stands behind the quality of its products sends every batch for testing.
Amount of CBD on the label must(!) match the lab report.
How to Get COA
It is important is how easy it is to get a report.
Want a clever tip?
Do you have a QR code scanner on your phone? If not, get it from the app store.
Next – scan a QR code on the label by your smartphone and get to the web page with the product’s COA. Done! (5)
1. Amount of CBD—label vs. lab report
If CBD content on label and COA don’t match, is it a signal to be concerned?
2. Legal THC content
You should know that legal level of THC presence for CBD oil is less than 0.3%. No ifs or buts!
3. Other ingredients
Be sure that all advertised cannabinoids are matching a lab report. The same is about base oils-hemp seeds or coconut. Pay attention to all tested compounds like heavy metals or other harmful chemicals.
→ TAKEAWAYS: Do your due diligence. Don’t be lazy and get facts about CBD oils from the Certificate of Analysis. Be aware of mislabeling. If in doubt, STAY OUT!
Hemp Plant. Just Like Nature Intended
Well, are you interested in plant-based healing?
If yes, hemp-derived CBD oil should be part of your daily routine.
Wild-Wild West of CBD Market can be tricky. Do your homework and remember everything you need to know. Choose CBD oil with the following characteristics:
- derive from phytocannabinoid rich or PCR hemp
- organic and American-grown
- broad or full-spectrum
- has label matching lab report
- has an easy-accessible Certificate of Analysis
Extraction method, legal THC level, quality of other ingredients…
Too much to swallow?
Don’t despair. Now you know everything you need to know about CBD oil.
Almost. Some other CBD topics I will cover in future posts.
So, be smart, intelligent, and choose wisely.
I invite you to enlighten us with your thoughts. Leave them below.
Founder of Detox Generation
Disclosure: The views and opinions expressed on this site are solely those of the author. All content, including text, images, and other formats, is for information purposes only. The author is not a medical professional, dietitian or integrative treatment specialist. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health specialists with any questions you may have.